The Various Type of Orchids

Orchids are one of the most famous flowers in the worlds. These flowers famous for their beauty, exotic, and variety. Orchids, with their Latin word orchidaceous, have one of the largest varieties of species in the plants kingdom. There are over 25,000 species and more than 100,000 hybrids all around the world. They spread from north to south, east to west, from equator to Arctic. The only continent where people can’t find orchid’s is Antarctica. There so many kinds of orchids, people usually get confused on how many types of orchids in the world. Generally, there are three different types of orchids based on where they live; Terrestrial orchids, Epiphyte orchids, and Lithophyte orchids.

Terrestrial orchids include orchid’s species that plant on the grounds. These types are the most popular because it can grow in any kind of soil, from a dry soil in Australia to fertile soil in South America. For some example on these kind of orchids are Zygopetalum Crinitum that grow under the trees in Brazil and Cypripedium Calceolus usually found in North America and Europe.

Epiphyte orchids are orchids species that make home on trees. They are not parasites plants but need trees to support their root. These types of orchids usually grow best on a place with warm and humid conditions. That’s why Epiphyte orchids usually found in tropical area like Northern India, Southeast Asia, Australia and Polynesia. The most famous species of Epiphyte is Dendrobiums.

The last types of orchids are Lithophyte orchid, the kind of orchids that life between Terrestrial and Epiphyte types. They usually live on rocky cliff faces, stony grounds, and sometimes near vertical slopes. One of the Lithophyte species is  Cytopodium Andersoniae, which live in flat rocks surface.